Suffering from Tinea Capitis is no walk in the park. That is why it is important to educate yourself about this condition.
What is Tinea Capitis?
This is a disease that is caused by a fungal infection on the scalps skin, eyelashes, and eyebrows that attacks follicles and hair shafts. Also called ringworm of the scalp, this disease is normally found of children ten years old under, but could also happen to older people.
The symptoms on this disease have varied degrees. It can start from scaly but non-inflamed parts of the skin that resembles with seborrheic dermatitis, to an inflammatory disease with very scaly lesions.
As this progress, Alopecia or hair loss happens to severely inflamed abscesses which could eventually lead to permanent scarring or even baldness. How extent the condition becomes all depends upon how the body reacts to the fungus.
Causes of Tinea Capitis
This disease is normally a result of a person-to-person transmission. Organisms remain on brushes, combs, sheets, and couches for longer periods. Particular species of the Tinea Capitis are found in specific parts of the world.
Occasional bruising of the scalp basically provides entry for a microscopic fungus. The infection normally begins as small papules on around the scalps hair shaft or even in the eyelashes.
After a few days, the red papule starts to appear scaly and paler, and the hairs become brittle, lustreless, and discoloured. On some infected areas, ring-formed lesions may possibly combine. Pruritus, although minimal, are sometimes intense. This will then cause the hair to fall. Furthermore, inflammation may either be mild or severe. To diagnose the condition, it is very important to seek for the help of qualified dermatologists.
Diagnosing Tinea Capitis
Extensive diagnosis of a Tinea Capities generally depends on varied examinations and culture of scrapings, rubbings, clippings, or plucking from the lesions. Infected hairs that appear as broken stubs are ideal for examinations.
These hairs can be removed with the use of forceps without letting the patient feel any pain at all, or simply rubbing the infected area with a moist gauze pad will also do the trick. Few hair samples are then cultured and softened in about 20% of potassium hydroxide before carefully examined on the microscope. This examination will help determine if a Tinea Capitis infection does exist.
Treatments for Tinea Capitis
There are three major treatments that can be done for Tinea Capitis. The first is systemic administration of Griseofulvin that is considered as a proven effective oral therapy. Another one is using Selenium Sulfide shampoo so that transmission of the fungus to the others may be reduced. And finally, taking Itraconazole and Terbafine is also as effective as Griseofulvin.
Griseofulvin is basically a treatment for ringworm infections of the scalp. Effective dosages are often prescribed for six to eight weeks, with the 20-25mg/kg/d medication. This medicine works by accumulating in keratin of the layers and the hair, providing resistance of fungus invasions. Treatments are continued for six to eight weeks, enough for the infected keratin to be replaced by a much more resistant one.
It is important that people suffering from this fungal disease should consult immediately to a qualified hair expert. That way, spreading the infection will not be possible if immediate actions are undertaken.